Are you interested in learning to formulate different natural cream bases and lotions from scratch? Are you interested in learning how to customize your creams for different results? Would you want to improve on your current skills? Join me and others on June 27, 2017 in Lagos to get a hands on training on making emulsions.
This class will cover the science of emulsification, types of emulsifiers, good manufacturing practice (GMP) and preservation. You will also learn how to customize for different skin needs, measure and modify the pH for optimum activity of your lotions and creams. In the mean time, if you are interested in learning the basis of making natural and safe skin brightening and lightening cosmetics, let me know! Contact me for more information.
My friend and I decided to chill out at a spa so we found a Dealdey deal at TeePlanet, Yaba. This was Fola’s first spa experience though she has been curious to try it but hasn’t had the chance. We booked for the next day and got there on time. I should add here that the spa is on the second floor but it is easy to find due to the visible sign on the building. Going up to the spa, I wondered what the spa would look like and was pleasantly surprised that it looked quite nice.
We were received warmly by one of the attendants who scheduled our visit and redeemed our coupons. We sat in the airy waiting room for sometime before we were shown to a twin therapy room and left alone to get ready. Our session started with the cleansing facials which consisted of a brief facial cleanse and exfoliation. We had different therapists I should add. The facials lasted two minutes before we went for the next step, the body scrub, in which their scrub (made in house) was applied to our skin in about 2 minutes.
Although we found a way to follow through with the steam session, we found it too small for two people as it was made for one. We both had to stand in it as we had no towels to sit on (the steam room is built for one and therefore had only one seat). I think they should work on getting another steam room or permit individual steaming sessions. We had a 14-minute steaming session before the scrub was rinsed off. The water was shockingly cold and so was the room so I started shivering after leaving the warmth of the steam room whhooo! As soon as the massage started, I felt nice and warm.
The full body massage was done using a herb infused oil, I should note here that the spa therapist asked if I had any aches before she started. I felt more relaxed at the end when she used a body massager on my limbs and belly. After the massage session, we went to the waiting room and took turns using the foot reflexology massager for about 5 min each.
The spa experience at Tee Planet was nice and will consider visiting the spa again for a quick session if I’m in the area. One downside to the session is that we were a bit rushed through compared to the time frame given on the deal but my skin felt smooth and I felt quite relaxed after the session regardless of time spent (the whole session lasted almost 50 minutes). There was no background music and it felt more like a salon with a therapy room included. Fola was relaxed after the session so I’m sure she would be tagging along in the next one.
You are doing everything possible as regards to your cosmetic regime and you still wonder what’s up. As a formulator, one would expect me to have perfect skin but the truth is, I don’t always. I wish I did but…. I took some time out to think about why my skin acts up from time to time and after some research, studying and all, I found out a few things that need to be changed. I know this may not apply to just me so I decided to share.
Eat right: I love junk food as much as the next person, even though I try from time to time to eat healthy. How can I say no to ice cream, bread (it bloats me up), cakes, chips with ketchup and suya? The best way to reduce the intake of these things is to replace with healthy options. Ingesting more vegetables and herbs will definitely work wonders for health and beauty.
Drink enough water: I try to keep up with my eight glasses but in Lagos, I sweat so much that eight really should be eighteen! I started taking cool lemon water because it’s delicious and will replace soft drinks.
Reduce stress and sleep better: I am a major culprit especially because I work so hard to bring you the best. Sometimes I remember things in my sleep and once I wake up to do them, that’s the end oo. I’ll be up till morning. I’m working on this though because how can I share so much when I’m in poor health?
Wash your pillows every couple of days: I change my sheets every week (or two). Gross I know, especially in Nigeria that sweating during sleep is not new to many people. Our sheets can breed microbes that feed on our dead skin, moisture and other things. If you can’t wash everything, just wash the pillowcase till the next laundry day!
Check your bath water: Is it clean, are there irritants included? Run a test, use boiled water, or bottled water to wash your face. The skin on the body is a bit more resilient compared to the face so you can used purified water for just your face.
Get regular treatments: At home treatments are very good but once in a while, go to a professional. You’ll see the difference and it’s fun and relaxing to be pampered. Just talk to your therapist about their ingredients to be sure that they are all natural.
Stick to a routine but listen to your body: Although I’m not a pro at this, I found out that I don’t need to exfoliate my face everyday and after washing my face with a mild cleanser, I may not need to put on a facial moisturiser if I’ve used my facial oil the night before.
Get regular medicalcheck ups: Getting spots on specific parts of the face can be an indication of issues within the internal organs, so please get regular medical checks done.
Stop doing the most: This relates to point 7 above. Sometimes it’s best to let the skin breathe. Avoid heavy makeup and abrasive treatments.
Detox and exercise: This point ties with all the others listed. Exercise helps to cleanse the body through sweating so endeavour to drink a lot of water when working out. It can also lead to vasodilation and hence, vascular persuasion of the skin and hair. In plain English, more nutrient-rich blood can reach and nourish your skin and hair. There are other detox options available to you as well e. g. Detox teas and herbs but you don’t need to over do it. My best forms of exercise are yoga and dance while I love spearmint and moringa teas when I can.
Wear sweat bands when working out: Especially if you use a lot of hair styling products and comedogenic oils. Using sweat bands will stop sweat from your scalp from transporting these products to your face.
I hope I follow through all these and hope you do too. I’ll be challenging myself (and you!). Let me know how you get on!
I was fortunate to have been assigned barefoot running as my final year project in my physiology and pharmacology. When I received that topic I was a little pissed because some of my friends got to do the so called hard core biomedical research in the fields of neuroscience, developmental biology, cancer research and and all that.
I came to appreciate my topic when I started my library research i. e. Reading research articles on barefoot running. Apart from the detrimental effects of running shoes on the planta fascia (tissues of the foot), tibia and fibular (shin) stress and fracture, loss of the foot arc, amongst other things, I started to understand the principles of acupressure and reflexology. I had heard these terms before, and on many occasions but reading those articles really made me understand why I felt much better walking around without shoes or slippers, and why I loved the feel of the moist loam of a farm or sandy soil at the beach beneath my feet. I learned about grounding, earthing and became a whole new barefoot walking and running enthusiast. I didn’t get a distinction in my research project (mostly because I added the part about earthing and grounding, which is borderline science at best because I didn’t have any scientific evidence to back it up), but a whole new me was born.
I already had the interest in taking herbs, making natural cosmetics, doing yoga and living the spa life but this added an almost spiritual aspect to this because I couldn’t explain it (scientifically). I don’t do it as often as I would like but I would like to encourage you to try it from time to time. Many people have reported mood improvements, lowered blood pressure, increase in energy and lowered stress levels from just walking barefoot. Absorption of negative ions from the earth, offering anti inflammatory and antioxidant effects to the body.
Note: please don’t go barefoot if you have any open sore/wound and especially not on grounds compromised by glass and other pollutants that can cut through the skin. Care should be taken when walking or running on concrete as they can be very hard compared to untarred grounds.
So go forth into your gardens, parks and enjoy the feeling of grass, soil and stones under your feet. Trust me it’s like getting a mini foot massage!
So people, I got a complaint (two actually) about the previous body scrub challenge. One of the challenges of the challenge (LOL) is that people need to buy a scale for their formulations and not everyone has the time or feels the need to get so serious. Another is that they want a non fat/oil based scrub recipe that can be rinsed off easy. I threw in a third issue because I started out with this and forgot that many of you just want to use simple and widely available ingredients from the kitchen or fridge or pantry (in Nigeria na store we dey call am).
To be honest, I feel a little uncomfortable with this method of measurement but I understand that it has its place in DIY formulations so to make your own honey lemon scrub, you’ll need:
A tablespoon of lemon juice – I prefer freshly squeezed but you can use whatever you have
Two tablespoons of real honey 🍯
Half a cup of sugar
Mix thoroughly until you get an even consistency and enjoy!
Lemon is great for exfoliation as it contains citric acid. It also contains a potent antioxidant, vitamin C. Honey is soothing, moisturising and antibacterial while sugar is a great moisturising exfoliant. This formula (more like a recipe) is best used within a week since there is no preservative system.
Note : although honey and sugar are self preserving, it is easy for water to get into them since they usually sit in the bathroom.
Until next time, enjoy your exfoliating bath and let your skin thank you!
The other day I overheard someone expressing how they find body butters too oily/greasy for them. I tried to hold my tongue before I expose my eavesdropping self but I just couldn’t. I had to let her know how best to use her butters and thought I could share this with you readers.
Before I go on, I would like to describe the types of products on the market. We have:
These have varying thickness and properties based on the length of their carbon chains, the level of saturation, and chemical composition. They can be used neat or mixed with other oils and or butters. They are mainly sold as serums (incorporates exotic oils, cosmeceuticals and carrier oils rich in oil soluble vitamins and minerals), massage oils or perfumed body oils that contain aromatic and or essential oils for fragrance and therapy. They can also be available as macerates or infused oils using herbs that contain great lipophilic compounds.
These are like oils made out of fatty acids and triglycerides but mostly saturated. They are very emollient but they don’t penetrate too deep into the skin. They also help with occlusion (preventing water loss by evaporation). They can be found in products as one ingredient or in a mixture with other oils and butters. They are generally sold as balms, whipped butters or in their original state. All versions are great and you get to choose what works for you.
Body oils and butters can contain waxes like beeswax and jojoba oils. They offer great emollience and occlusion, while altering the texture of your product.
How best to use your anhydrous products
Timing: Trust me on this, body butters are best used on damp skin. If you just had a steaming session, even better! Thank me later.
Quantity : Body butters are best used small amounts at one time. The key is in how you spread it over the skin. You can layer it on, but you may not need to.
Texture: I prefer softer butters /thinner oils to their thicker counterparts when trying to reduce greasiness. Thicker oils and butters can be used in small amounts or whipped to ensure ‘lightness’ and improve spreadability. Whipped butters are fluffy and easy to spread.
Timing again: Yes, you read right. For those who may end up walking in the sun and feel like they may get fried, or if you just don’t like grease (I got you!), you can consider using your oils and butters at night, after a bath as mentioned earlier. You can take a quick shower in the morning using mild body cleansers that won’t strip the skin (the oils will have had enough time to absorb as far as they will go) . You can just top up with a light skin cream or sunscreen.
If you have other means, secrets or tips to make the best of your anhydrous products, let me know!
Most people come across pH balance when discussing feminine hygiene, detox diets, etc. pH, (Pondus de Hydronium) is a measure of acidity or alkalinity of a compound, or mixture in a solution. When a substance can release hydrogen ions when dissolved in water, it is termed acidic; and when it releases hydroxide ions, it is an alkali. A standard pH scale runs from 0 to 14, with 0 being most acidic and 14 being the most alkaline. A pH of 7 is considered to be neutral.
Why you should care about pH :
The optimum pH of the skin is around 5.5 – mildly acidic.
In order to maintain optimal skin hydration and prevent microbial invasion, a thin layer of film, made up of amino and lactic acids spreads over the skin.
Maintaining optimal skin pH can address issues like: inflammation, skin infections, irritations, dry and thickened skin.
Most extracts, preservatives, and cosmeceuticals act best at their optimum pH range.
To maintain healthy, blemish-free, glowing skin, it is important to formulate your skin (and hair) care products with these in mind.
pH testing can be carried out using litmus strips or electronic meters. Litmus testing relies on color changes on litmus papers (qualitative analysis) while the meters give a value between 0 and 14 (quantitative analysis). Both methods work well for formulators but a certain level of proficiency is needed to understand and alter pH of products if an unfavorable result is obtained, so you will need to do your research and learn a few skills.
I hope I have done a good job of simplifying the basics. I might do a follow up post to provide more information about how pH balance of skin products affects the efficacy of your formulations. Until then, you can have a little fun experimenting with your pH meters and strips!
To teach you my dear readers to create your own lovely natural cosmetics, I’ll be holding a workshop in Lagos! This workshop will be held on the 29th day of this month.Call, text, whatsapp, DM, email or comment on this post to reserve your spots. I’m on Instagram as @thenaijaformulator. If you prefer to learn something else, also let me know as I plan to hold a few more workshops. I know some people want to learn how to make emulsions too and I have another workshop coming up for that (details of that will come up later).
As a formulator, who is also citizen of the world and the Internet, I cannot ignore the fact that the environment and its current and future states has become more than just table discussion. Sometimes I wonder if I add to the pollution of the our earth just by being human, and then, a formulator.
Let me explain myself. We proclaim how great using natural cosmetics is great for our skin and environment while polluting said environment by these means.
What are our energy sources? Are our ingredients produced by green chemical reactions and reagents? Are the sources of our raw materials clean? What about our by products, waste management processes? Do we even think of these things? Do we care to find out about our ingredient manufacturers and their ethos?
What happens to our packaging after our customers use them? I understand that we do not have a lot of options, glass is expensive, and very fragile so for the sake of making profits, health and safety, it may not be a viable choice for all products. But what about recycling. I understand that reusing plastics for oil-containing products is not advisable even after thorough cleaning. But what other recycling options do we have? Do we even care about the impact of plastic waste on our environment? Is Nigeria even ready for it? What other packaging options do we have?
How do we move our raw materials and finished products? Are we concerned about air pollution and the impacts of our chosen transport system on the environment?
Like you I am immensely guilty of having a large carbon footprint but it’s good to start considering other options. What do you think? Am I being paranoid? Have you had these thoughts are you already handling waste effectively? Let me know your ideas.
Did you enjoy making your very own body scrub? I know I did, almost as much as I enjoyed using it :p. As promised, here goes my post on exfoliation.
Skin renewal cycle.
So we all know the skin renews itself every month or so, on average. It is made up of several layers of specialized cells with varying functions, that work together to maintain the internal environment. The innermost layer of the epidermis is the basal layer that attaches the epidermis to the dermis and is made up of connective tissue (look at the image to understand this). The basal layer also contains stem cells which allow for continuous proliferation of keratinocytes. These keratinocytes migrate up the various layers as time goes on and as new keratinocytes are produced in lower layers, until they reach top layers. By this time, the cells have become flattened, and fully differentiated corneocytes, with no organ else’s (practically dead). These are then subject to desquamation (sloughing off).
So what exactly is exfoliation? Now that we have a general idea of the cycle, we can see that the newer skin cells are just below the surface and this is where exfoliation comes in. Exfoliation helps to expose this newer, hydrated, brighter layer, as we rid ourselves of old skin. I have come to find this to be one of the crucial steps in skin care, because without it many of our awesome ingredients found in our creams and potions may not work as they should. The dead skin can fall off on their own but sometimes, for many reasons (like poor skin hydration, genetics, inflammation, etc), it doesn’t always work out evenly. It is important to note though, that there is such a thing as too much exfoliation, so it has to be done carefully and correctly.
So how do we go about it?
There are two ways to exfoliate – physical and chemical methods. The physical method involves scrubbing the skin using a loofah or brush, body scrubs, microdermabrasion and the likes, while chemical exfoliation requires the use of chemical exfoliants like AHAs and BHAs (alpha and beta hydroxy acids).
How to exfoliate appropriately
I used to scrub so hard and I’m sure a lot of you can relate, but one day, I had the ‘aha moment’. If you are trying to take off only the dead cells on the surface, we need not rub too hard (the layer is really thin). In my opinion, it is more effective to scrub lightly but using circular motions in both directions.Just think of it, picture it in your mind. Scrubbing hard can cause tears especially when using abrasive exfoliants. Uneven exposure of skin in the lower layers can also occur, creating a patchy look.
When using chemical exfoliation methods, starting at low concentration is key. It is better have a low concentration left on for a longer time, than high concentration left on for only a few seconds. It is also worth building up tolerance, if you are new to it. It is important too, to completely remove the acid from the skin to avoid burns.
Both methods can be used effectively but only when used with caution. It is not advised to use abrasive scrubs on sensitive facial skin, so I prefer to use an exfoliating facial wash or toner. The body is a bit more tolerant but it is still important to proceed with the utmost caution.
That’s it! I hope you learned a thing or two, people. Go forth and enjoy your creations (or purchases)!