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The issue of antibiotic resistance.

Hello readers,

This month of love, I decided to show some love in a different form – information, vital information. This topic was borne out of an Instagram live session, held on my page on the ‘Dangers of DIY Cosmetics'(I invited you o). You can stay tuned to my Instagram for future sessions like that.

One of the issues with DIY cosmetics stems from poor preservation and consequent contamination and infection. Another one is the mixing of tube ointments into cream bases, shea butter and any other carrier in use today. In case you did not know this, many steroidal tube creams are topical antibiotics. Most people use these tube creams to lighten their skin and not even for treatment of skin infections.

What is antibiotic resistance? According to the Center for Disease Control, Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in a way that reduces the effectiveness of drugs, chemicals, or other agents designed to cure or prevent infections. The bacteria survive and continue to multiply, causing more harm.

Antibiotic resistance
Image from WHO website 

The only thing worse than DIY cosmetics is DIY prescriptions, which is the indiscriminate ingestion or topical application of antibiotics. In some cases of acne caused by infections, certain antibiotics can be prescribed for treatment. This has led many people, especially Nigerians who are already known for self medicating, to start taking antibiotics internally for aesthetic purposes, without directed by their physician.

I don’t do this, so it’s none of my business.

Think again. We live on earth with the rest of humanity. We interact with so many different people on a daily basis. We move from place to place, carrying different microbes with us. That is why communicable diseases,especially those that can be spread through air or touch, can humble any one regardless of class, age, gender, etc. So imagine if and when you come in contact with someone who is a carrier of a resistant strain of microorganism(s).

Do you still think it doesn’t affect you?

Think again! According to the World Health Organization, antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development today. It occurs naturally, but misuse of antibiotics in humans and animals is accelerating the process. A growing number of infections are becoming harder to treat as the antibiotics used to treat them now have poor activity, leading prolonged illnesses and increased mortality.

It is particularly dangerous in health cases that may require surgery, in which the site of incision becomes infected and no antibiotics will work (think septic shock😱).

How do our actions worsen the situation?

When we take antibiotics carelessly (through oral or topical routes), do not finish our course of treatment, take the wrong dose of medication or even take the wrong treatment for the ailment, we allow microbes to evolve genetically to tolerate the antibiotics. With time, organisms that are now able to withstand antibiotics can infect and in some cases, kill.

So please, spread the word, even if you do not do these. As cliche as this sounds, being your brother’s keeper is highly required in this case.

What is being done about this?

Quite a lot actually! A lot of research goes into discovering new synthetic and phytochemicals that show antibiotic properties.

Trivia: Did you know that some of the antibiotic products on the market were derived from plants and marine organisms? This was actually my thesis during my MSc. at the University College, London. I worked with about 5 plants, establishing their antimicrobial activities against some resistant microbial strains, isolated from patients at the University College Hospital. I also investigated the resistance modification and inhibition of the transfer of resistance gene to other microbes.

But the process is painfully slow!

And rightly so. It can take over five years to approve a pharmaceutical product. There are so many stages of in vitro and in vivo analysis, as well as clinical trials in different phases. Of course, they need to ascertain the safety and efficacy, and this requires a lot of data and time to collate the data.

In the meantime,

Look out for yourself and those around you by only using antibiotic products when you need to; at the right dose and for appropriate duration. That means, no more using or prescribing them to others with no basis or medical clearance.



  • WHO website
  • CDC website
  • Antibiotic Resistance notes and articles by my MSc. supervisor, Dr. Paul Stapleton (School of Pharmacy, University College London).


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AfroRoots Naturals Independence day giveaway!

AfroRoots Naturals independence day giveaway is happening right now on Instagram! To celebrate Nigeria’s 57th anniversary, we decided to collaborate with 8 other businesses to run an Instagram giveaway. To participate, just head on over to our Instagram page and follow the instructions on the post. View post here.  Winners will be announced on October 8, 2017.

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AfroRoots Naturals line of hair products!

Before we proceed, please head on to this post to read a full review by AB of the Kinkandi. The post also comes with a coupon for a whooping 10% off till the 10th day of October, 2017. The AfroRoots Naturals line of hair product has received many more positive feedback. Follow @thenaijaformulator and @afro_roots_naturals on Instagram to see more.

To get the most put of your hair products, it is important to follow a healthy routine and use the right products correctly. Full AfroRoots Naturals line of Hair Products directions are given below.

Step 1: AfroRoots Naturals African black soap shampoo. Wash with this to remove dirt and excess oil. Softens and moisturises your hair. Prevents tangles arising from dryness and debris.

Step 2: AfroRoots Naturals rinse out conditioner. Apply this to hair and detangle gently. Gives great slip. Contains moisturising and strengthening oils, butters and extracts to give structure to your hair strands, preventing breakage. Rinse out completely.

Step 3: AfroRoots Naturals Leave in conditioner. Perfect for conditioning and moisturisation. A synergistic blend of phytocosmetic extracts to nourish and support your strands.

Step 4: AfroRoots Naturals Hair styling custard. If you want to go a step (or two!) further with conditioning, moisturisation and styling, then this is for you. Achieve beautiful, soft and defined twist outs, Bantu knot outs braid outs with this. The best part about this product is that many customers have found many more ways to use this. It has surpassed my expectations.

Step 5: AfroRoots Conditioning Hair Butter is made of a selection of hair growth oils and butters to condition and seal in moisture while also nourishing the hair. One of the essential steps in the LOC / LCO methods for adequate moisture retention for textured hair. Use this to seal in the AfroRoots Naturals Leave in conditioner, AfroRoots Naturals Hair Styling custard. It can also be used alone right after rinsing out the AfroRoots Naturals Rinse out conditioner.

Feel free to add to the steps listed. I have come across quite a few people that have used these products in unique ways! Let me know one (or two) new ways to use any of the AfroRoots Naturals line of products. To purchase, click here.


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AfroRoots Naturals Hair Products Launch and Instagram/Facebook Giveaway!

This has been in the works for quite sometime. I am so happy to finally be able to do a little show and tell. These products are made from the finest oils, butters, and herbs. I can only tell you to see for yourself. They are currently available on this site. Stay tuned for vendor information. On this note if you would like to be a vendor, you can contact me, let’s talk.

AfroRoots Naturals are not just for people with natural or kinky hair; all hair types benefit greatly from this, although your technique may vary. If you will like us to go on a hair growth challenge, let me know. I also want long hair.

AfroRoots Naturals, the best Natural hair products brand. Made from the best indigenous Nigerian and exotic herbs, pamper your AfroRoots and strands with these high quality and natural products for maximum hair growth and retention.

P. S. Nothing can replace the value of good food and healthy lifestyle when it comes to beauty and hair goals. Great products like AfroRoots Naturals will take you to new heights as the third leg of this beauty life though.

To shop AfroRoots,  click here

To join the current giveaway, go to @thenaijaformulator or @afro_roots_naturals on Instagram.

For the Facebook giveaway, go to or

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Barefoot running! 

Image from google

I was fortunate to have been assigned barefoot running as my final year project in my physiology and pharmacology. When I received that topic I was a little pissed because some of my friends got to do the so called hard core biomedical research in the fields of neuroscience, developmental biology, cancer research and and all that. 

I came to appreciate my topic when I started my library research i. e. Reading research articles on barefoot running. Apart from the detrimental effects of running shoes on the planta fascia (tissues of the foot), tibia and fibular (shin) stress and fracture, loss of the foot arc, amongst other things, I started to understand the principles of acupressure and reflexology. I had heard these terms before, and on many occasions but reading those articles really made me understand why I felt much better walking around without shoes or slippers, and why I loved the feel of the moist loam of a farm or sandy soil at the beach beneath my feet. I learned about grounding, earthing and became a whole new barefoot walking and running enthusiast. I didn’t get a distinction in my research project (mostly because I added the part about earthing and grounding, which is borderline science at best because I didn’t have any scientific evidence to back it up), but a whole new me was born. 

Image from google

I already had the interest in taking herbs, making natural cosmetics, doing yoga and living the spa life but this added an almost spiritual aspect to this because I couldn’t explain it (scientifically). I don’t do it as often as I would like but I would like to encourage you to try it from time to time. Many people have reported mood improvements, lowered blood pressure, increase in energy and lowered stress levels from just walking barefoot. Absorption of negative ions from the earth, offering anti inflammatory and antioxidant effects to the body. 

Image from google

Note: please don’t go barefoot if you have any open sore/wound and especially not on grounds compromised by glass and other pollutants that can cut through the skin. Care should be taken when walking or running on concrete as they can be very hard compared to untarred grounds.

So go forth into your gardens,  parks and enjoy the feeling of grass, soil and stones under your feet. Trust me it’s like getting a mini foot massage!

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Just another body scrub recipe! 

So people, I got a complaint (two actually) about the previous body scrub challenge. One of the challenges of the challenge (LOL) is that people need to buy a scale for their formulations and not everyone has the time or feels the need to get so serious. Another is that they want a non fat/oil based scrub recipe that can be rinsed off easy. I threw in a third issue because I started out with this and forgot that many of you just want to use simple and widely available ingredients from the kitchen or fridge or pantry (in Nigeria na store we dey call am). 

To be honest, I feel a little uncomfortable with this method of measurement but I understand that it has its place in DIY formulations so to make your own honey lemon scrub, you’ll need:

  • A tablespoon of lemon juice – I prefer freshly squeezed but you can use whatever you have
  • Two tablespoons of real honey 🍯 
  • Half a cup of sugar

Mix thoroughly until you get an even consistency and enjoy! 

Lemon is great for exfoliation as it contains citric acid. It also contains a potent antioxidant, vitamin C. Honey is soothing, moisturising and antibacterial while sugar is a great moisturising exfoliant. This formula (more like a recipe) is best used within a week since there is no preservative system. 

Note : although honey and sugar are self preserving, it is easy for water to get into them since they usually sit in the bathroom.

Until next time, enjoy your exfoliating bath and let your skin thank you! 

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How best to use your oils and body butters. 

The other day I overheard someone expressing how they find body butters too oily/greasy for them. I tried to hold my tongue before I expose my eavesdropping self but I just couldn’t. I had to let her know how best to use her butters and thought I could share this with you readers. 

Before I go on, I would like to describe the types of products on the market. We have:


These have varying thickness and properties based on the length of their carbon chains, the level of saturation, and chemical composition. They can be used neat or mixed with other oils and or butters. They are mainly sold as serums (incorporates exotic oils, cosmeceuticals and carrier oils rich in oil soluble vitamins and minerals), massage oils or perfumed body oils that contain aromatic and or essential oils for fragrance and therapy. They can also be available as macerates or infused oils using herbs that contain great lipophilic compounds.


These are like oils made out of fatty acids and triglycerides but mostly saturated. They are very emollient but they don’t penetrate too deep into the skin. They also help with occlusion (preventing water loss by evaporation). They can be found in products as one ingredient or in a mixture with other oils and butters. They are generally sold as balms, whipped butters or in their original state. All versions are great and you get to choose what works for you. 

Body oils and butters can contain waxes like beeswax and jojoba oils. They offer great emollience and occlusion, while altering the texture of your product. 

Image from Google!

How best to use your anhydrous products 

  • Timing: Trust me on this, body butters are best used on damp skin. If you just had a steaming session, even better! Thank me later. 
  • Quantity : Body butters are best used small amounts at one time. The key is in how you spread it over the skin. You can layer it on, but you may not need to. 
  • Texture: I prefer softer butters /thinner oils to their thicker counterparts when trying to reduce greasiness. Thicker oils and butters can be used in small amounts or whipped to ensure ‘lightness’ and improve spreadability. Whipped butters are fluffy and easy to spread. 
  • Timing again: Yes, you read right. For those who may end up walking  in the sun and feel like they may get fried, or if you just don’t like grease (I got you!), you can consider using your oils and butters at night, after a bath as mentioned earlier. You can take a quick shower in the morning using mild body cleansers that won’t strip the skin (the oils will have had enough time to absorb as far as they will go) . You can just top up with a light skin cream or sunscreen. 

If you have other means, secrets or tips to make the best of your anhydrous products, let me know! 


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Much ado about pH testing –  the basics. 

Most people come across pH balance when discussing feminine hygiene, detox diets, etc. pH, (Pondus de Hydronium) is a measure of acidity or alkalinity of a compound, or mixture in a solution. When a substance can release hydrogen ions when dissolved in water, it is termed acidic; and when it releases hydroxide ions, it is an alkali. A standard pH scale runs from 0 to 14, with 0 being most acidic and 14 being the most alkaline. A pH of 7 is considered to be neutral. 

The Naija Formulator, Nigerian formulator
pH meter and strips

Why you should care about pH :

  1. The optimum pH of the skin is around 5.5 – mildly acidic. 
  2. In order to maintain optimal skin hydration and prevent microbial invasion, a thin layer of film, made up of amino and lactic acids spreads over the skin. 
  3. Maintaining optimal skin pH can address issues like: inflammation, skin infections, irritations, dry and thickened skin.
  4. Most extracts, preservatives, and cosmeceuticals act best at their optimum pH range. 

To maintain healthy, blemish-free, glowing skin, it is important to formulate your skin (and hair) care products with these in mind. 

pH testing can be carried out using litmus strips or electronic meters. Litmus testing relies on color changes on litmus papers (qualitative analysis) while the meters give a value between 0 and 14 (quantitative analysis). Both methods work well for formulators but a certain level of proficiency is needed to understand and alter pH of products if an unfavorable result is obtained, so you will need to do your research and learn a few skills. 

I hope I have done a good job of simplifying the basics. I might do a follow up post to provide more information about how pH balance of skin products affects the efficacy of your formulations. Until then, you can have a little fun experimenting with your pH meters and strips! 

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Learn to formulate your own line of products! 

Hi people,

To teach you my dear readers to create your own lovely natural cosmetics, I’ll be holding a workshop in LagosThis workshop will be held on the 29th day of this month. Call, text, whatsapp, DM, email or comment on this post to reserve your spots. I’m on Instagram as @thenaijaformulatorIf you prefer to learn something else, also let me know as I plan to hold a few more workshops. I know some people want to learn how to make emulsions too and I have another workshop coming up for that (details of that will come up later). 

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The impact of cosmetics on the environment

As a formulator, who is also citizen of the world and the Internet, I cannot ignore the fact that the environment and its current and future states has become more than just table discussion. Sometimes I wonder if I add to the pollution of the our earth just by being human, and then, a formulator. 

Image from herb and hedge grow

Let me explain myself. We proclaim how great using natural cosmetics is great for our skin and environment while polluting said environment by these means. 

Manufacturing process:

What are our energy sources? Are our ingredients produced by green chemical reactions and reagents? Are the sources of our raw materials clean? What about our by products, waste management processes? Do we even think of these things? Do we care to find out about  our ingredient manufacturers and their ethos? 


What happens to our packaging after our customers use them? I understand that we do not have a lot of options, glass is expensive, and very fragile so for the sake of making profits, health and safety, it may not be a viable choice for all products. But what about recycling. I understand that reusing plastics for oil-containing products is not advisable even after thorough cleaning. But what other recycling options do we have? Do we even care about the impact of plastic waste on our environment? Is Nigeria even ready for it? What other packaging options do we have? 


How do we move our raw materials and finished products? Are we concerned about air pollution and the impacts of our chosen transport system on the environment? 

Like you I am immensely guilty of having a large carbon footprint but it’s good to start considering other options. What do you think? Am I being paranoid? Have you had these thoughts are you already handling waste effectively? Let me know your ideas.